Please click on the following section headings:

Lists of Links                    Primary Sources                Victorian Arts

Victorian Things                                Victorian Nature                       Victorian England, Reloaded



Lists of Sites:



Pride of place should go to the tremendous number of 19th-century research tips and finding aids – particular resources for all kinds of special research topics – which have been assembled by Patrick Leary in his amazing collection of links, The Victoria Research Web: . This site lists so many other sites that is has its own search engine (scroll down to the bottom of the main page.  The collection even stretches as far as a Victorianized version of London available through GoogleEarth (which you must first install):


And if Patrick Leary’s is the greatest assemblage of links and advice on on-line sources and libraries for the study of Victorian England, the greatest assemblage of on-line essays on Victorian writers and intellectual movements is George Landow’s collaboratively written Victorian Web:, where each subject is in turn linked to the rest of the Internet. 


For a huge collection of articles, links, and potted histories -- this time for the British Empire rather than for Victorian England, see Stephen Luscombe’s The British Empire: .  Note the map room.


Another great linker – again, concentrating on imperial rather than more generally Victorian resources – is Jane Samson, at



Links to Primary Sources:

Printed primary sources are available in the Modern History Sourcebook: 

For images, see museum sites, and the British Library’s


Britain’s decennial census data are available on-line back to 1841(the first British census was in 1801, eleven years after America’s).  The indexes are free but getting the actual information costs about twelve dollars for the first twenty pages and escalates from there:  The larger National Archives site – which includes the former Public Record Office (PRO) as well as the National Register of Archives – is at


A variety of other things, some of them primary sources, are available at (a quick registration is required). Most notable for Victorianists are the nineteenth-century Ordnance Survey maps at, which also requires the Adobe SVG plug-in.


And Lee Jackson has a wonderful encyclopaedia of Victorian London at It is made out of substantial excerpts from published primary sources.


If you are at SDSU, see my own guide to finding 19th-century British primary sources in the Love Library:





Looking at people and art:


The National Portrait Gallery has much of its collection on-line, so you can see people famous and not so famous, and how they were portrayed:


British paintings of all kinds, not just portraits, are displayed in the Tate Britain:


Another fine collection of Victorian Art is the Manchester Art Gallery:


And there is the National Gallery of Ireland:


For the experiences of Great Britain and its Empire in the World Wars, see the Imperial War Museum: The main Imperial War Museum in London is housed in what is left of the Bethlem Royal Hospital – the madhouse whose name came into our language as “bedlam”.  (Captain Bligh’s house was across the street.)


Life in the capital is explored in The Museum of London: and the London Transport Museum:



Looking at the Things that People Have Made

The Victoria and Albert Museum, the world’s largest museum of applied arts and design, was founded under the reign of guess who, and besides illustrating everything in the world, still encapsulates the material culture of the nineteenth century:


And for an especially important area of material culture, see the Victoria and Albert’s branch in the East End, the Museum of Childhood:


For Victorian and other kinds of science and technology, see the Science Museum:


Many of the archeological and ethnological collections gathered during the Victorian period are on display in the British Museum:


And there are the seemingly infinite arrangements of words that people have made:



Looking at Other Forms of Life:


The Natural History Museum (or in Victorian times the British Museum, Natural History), is a great Victorian fantasy of a building – which, in part, showcases Darwin:


And the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, which predates the nineteenth century, is perhaps at its most Victorian in the great Palm and Temperate Houses (Victorian buildings of white steel spandrels and glass) and in the Marianne North Gallery:


The Zoo remains a living imperial archive:



Finally, there is Victorian England, reloaded – showing that people are still interested in inhabiting
and reimagining
the world’s first modern, global, literate civilization: